Land Area: The total land area of Qatar is approximately 11,521 square kilometers.
Population: The population of Qatar amount to 1,500,000 inhabitants (according to the initial results of the second stage of the 2009 population census). 83% of inhabitants reside in Doha and its main suburb Al-Rayyan.
Capital City: Doha Official Language: Arabic is the official language in Qatar, and English is widely spoken.
Religion: Islam is the official religion of the country, and the Shariah (Islamic Law) is a main source of its legislations.
Climate: Qatar has a moderate desert climate with long hot summers and short mild winters and little rain in winter.
Major Towns: Doha, Al Wakrah, Al Khor, Dukhan, Al Shamal, Mesaieed, Ras Lafan and others.
Currency: The official currency is the Qatari Riyal (QR), which is divided into 100 dirhams.
The Exchange parity has been set at the fixed rate of US $ = 3.65QR's.
National Day: The 18th of December every year in commemoration of Sheikh Jasim bin Mohammad Bin Thani the founder of the State of Qatar. 27 June: On the 27Th of June His Highness Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani assumed the rule of the State of Qatar supported by the ruling family and the Qatari people.
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS: National Day: 18th of December in each year. Eid Al-Fitr Holiday: Starts from the 28th of Ramadan until the 4th of Shawwal . Eid Al- Adha Holiday: starts at 9th of Zilhijjah until the 13th of Zilhijjah .
National flag: The national flag is maroon colour with a broad vertical white stripe at the pole, the two colours being separated with a nine-point serrated line. Meaning of the flag:
A- The white colour reflects the internationally recognized symbol of peace.
B- The maroon colour symbolizes the bloodshed during the several wars Qatar had undergone, particularly in the second half of the 19th century.
C- The nine-point serrated line indicates that Qatar is the 9th member of the "reconciled Emirates" of the Arabian Gulf in the wake of concluding the Qatari-British treaty in 1916. This information on design and colour of Qatar flag was mentioned in the Archives of the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1931.
WORK HOURS: Government offices: 7 am to 2 pm.
Private establishments: 8 am to 12 noon, and 4 pm to 8 pm. Friday and Saturday are the weekend holidays.
LOCAL TIME: 3 hours + Greenwich Mean Time.
ELECTRICAL CURRENT: 240 Volts + 6% with frequency 50 hertz.